Open access



A length of time that publishers set before authors/libraries are allowed to make publications freely available in an open access repository.

Final draft version (aka Post-print)

The last author's version of the paper after peer-review, with revisions having been made. In terms of content it is the same as Publisher’s final PDF, but in terms of appearance it is not. The layout of the article differs from the article published in the journal. There are no right page numbers for example.

Note: Depends on the practices of the journal though, how finished the layout of the final draft version is. Some journals use the final layout template in the beginning of the publishing process. In any case the article with 'Proof' watermark is not acceptable. That kind of version is "too" finished.

Final draft is also known as Post-print (Author's Post-print) or Accepted Author Manuscript (AAM).

Golden OA

Also known as author-pays or publication-fee models.The basic idea is that the author pays to get published while the consumers have free access.

Green OA

Also known as self-archiving. The basic idea is that authors of scholary material archives their work in institutional or subject-based digital archives called repositories.

Hybrid Open Access

Refers to a journal where only some of the articles are open access. This status typically requires the payment of a publication fee to the publisher.

Institutional repository (IR, Institutional server)

An online locus for collecting, preserving, and disseminating in digital form the intellectual output of an institution, particularly a research institution. For a university, this would include materials such as research journal articles, before (preprints) and after (postprints) undergoing peer review, and digital versions of theses and dissertations, but it might also include other digital assets generated by normal academic life, such as administrative documents, course notes, or learning objects. Institutional repositories normally provide open access to institutional research output.

Mandated Open Access

A policy adopted by a research institution (e.g., a university), a research funder or a government, that requires researchers to make their published, peer-reviewed journal and conference papers open access (freely accessible to all potential users online) by depositing their final, peer-reviewed drafts in an open access institutional repository or central repository.

Open Access

Unrestricted access via the Internet to articles published in scholarly journals (and also increasingly to book chapters or monographs). Permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles and use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers.

Parallel publishing

Depositing one version (normally final draft/submitted version/authors post-print) of an article in an institutional or subject online archive. It is a way for the scientist to make his/her publication freely available even when the journal which has accepted and published it is not an Open Access journal. Parallel publishing is often used as a synonym to self-archiving, though self-archiving can also mean that the author makes an article available on his/her own private web page.

Post-print (aka Final draft)

The version of the paper after peer-review, with revisions having been made. This means that in terms of content, post-prints are the article as published. However, in terms of appearance this might not be the same as the published article, as publishers often reserve for themselves rights in their own arrangement of type-setting and formatting. That is to say the layout is different.


The first draft of the article before peer-review, even before any contact with a publisher.

Publisher's PDF

An exact page image of the article as it appears in print.

SSH Journals = Social Sciences and Humanities Journals

STM Journals = Science, Technology & Medicine journals